Skip to main content

Research Projects

Current Projects

1. Voice or Chatter? Using Structuration Framework Towards a Theory of ICT mediated Citizen Engagement (2015-17)

IT for Change is spearheading a research study into ICT mediated citizen engagement and their impact on governance structures and processes. With support from the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), and the Making All Voices Count (MAVC) consortium, IT for Change is working with independent and institutional collaborators from across the globe to lead a multi-country case study analysis to better understand the ways in which ICT mediated engagement can be empowering for the citizen and transformative for the outcomes of governance. The countries are Philippines, India, South Africa, Kenya, Spain, Netherlands, Brazil, Columbia and Urugway.

This ten month research study will contribute macro-level analytical insights from specific micro-level initiatives. Offering a comprehensive analytical framework, the study adopts an interpretive approaches to explain the shifting terrain of governance in these times of flux, drawing attention to policy issues and governance practices that matter for meaningful citizen engagement. Read more...

2.Women’s Rights Online- Phase 2, Online freedom for all = No unfreedom for women (2017)

In January 2017, IT for Change and the WWW Foundation initiated “Online freedom for all = No unfreedom for women”,a project that intends to trigger national-level policy dialogues on balancing the right to free speech online with women’s right to freedom from technology-mediated violence, in 2 South Asian countries: India and Bangladesh. In the current conjuncture, online violence against women has acquired pandemic proportions, and women’s full and free participation in digital spaces is increasingly being thwarted by intimidation and violence. A recent global study by UN Women found that 73% of women have experienced violence online, and women are 27 times more likely than men to be harassed online. Governments, especially in countries in the global South, are yet to bring their laws and institutions up-to-speed, to effectively respond to this issue.

Against this backdrop, the project seeks to address key gaps/lacunae in existing legal-institutional frameworks on technology-mediated violence against women in India and Bangladesh. Read more...

Past Projects

1. UNESCAP Research Study on E-government and gender equality in the Asia-Pacific (2015-16)

Between 2015-16, IT for Change carried out a 5-country research study on gender and e-government in the Asia-Pacific, in partnership with UNESCAP and UNPOG. This study examined how e-government norms, rules and practices impact institutional shifts towards gender equality and women’s empowerment by focusing on its key components – service delivery, citizen uptake and connectivity architecture. It adopted an institutional analysis framework to map the state of play with respect to e-government policies and interventions in five countries in the region (Australia, Fiji, India, the Philippines and the Republic of Korea) and conduct an in-depth analysis of twelve good practices in gender-responsive e-government. The key findings of the study are accessible here.

The second phase of the study is currently in progress. As part of this, a state of play analysis is being undertaken in two more countries in the region -- Malaysia and Sri Lanka. Additionally, an online training toolkit and modules on e-government for women’s empowerment are being developed, based on the key findings. Read more...

2. Women’s Rights Online- Phase 1, Study on ICTs for Empowerment of Women and Girls-A research and policy advocacy initiative on empowering women on and through the web in 10 countries (2014).

In 2014, the World Wide Web Foundation (WWW) in collaboration with SIDA launched 'ICTs for Empowerment of Women and Girls', a 12-month research and policy advocacy initiative with the vision of empowering women in and through the Internet, across ten countries in Africa, Asia and South America. The project seeks to deliver evidence-based research, facilitate policy dialogue and promote commitment and incorporation of action plans on women’s empowerment and ICT issues in ten countries. Anita Gurumurthy, Executive Director, IT for Change as the Project Advisor has provided inputs to the background report of the study prepared by WWW Foundation, and she co-authored the final research report of the study. IT for Change also lead the India component of the research. Read more...

3. Open Educational Resources (2011-15)

IT for Change conducted a participatory action research of the Karnataka Open Educational Resources(KOER) programme, to understand “whether and how, a bottom-up approach, where participants collaboratively and actively co-create contextual resources ('embedded' within a 'community of learning'), can support effective OER models” The objectives of this case study were to understand how a collaborative learning community can support a sustainable environment for OER access-creation-curation-publishing as well as become a systemic method of teacher professional development in the public education system

The study was a part of a global study on OERs in the global south – the Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D). The ROER4D project, anchored by the University of Cape Town, aims to provide evidence-based research from a number of countries in South America, Sub-Saharan Africa and South east Asia. The primary objective of the programme is to improve educational policy, practice, and research in developing countries by better understanding the use and impact of OER. Read more...


1. Information Society for the South (2007-11)

IT for Change worked with Information Society for the South in an umbrella project aimed at knowledge production for shaping ICTD discourse. Our attempt has been to build a body of knowledge critiquing and articulating alternatives that goes into developing a new theory of the information society that focuses on the practical without losing sight of the political. This has resulted in the following outputs:

  • Read ‘The Political Economy of the Information Society’, Volume 1 here.
  • Read ‘An Empowerment Approach to Gender Equality in the Information Society’, Volume 2 here.
  • Read ‘Gender in the Information Society: Emerging issues’ here.

2. CITIGEN – Asia (2010-12)

The Gender and Citizenship in the Information Society (CITIGEN) Asia research programme is an effort to study whether marginalised women benefit from the potential of digital spaces for a greater participation and engagement and its actualisation in strengthened active citizenship. The six projects of the programme seek to build the ground for the articulation of a theoretical framework, as well as of recommendations for appropriate policies and contemporary feminist practice. Read more...

3. Women-gov (2012-14)

Women-gov(2012-2014) was a feminist action-research project supported by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), that aimed at enhancing marginalised women's active citizenship and their engagement with local governance, across three sites in India, Brazil and South Africa. The partnering organisations were IT for Change in India, Instituto Nupef in Brazil and the New Women's Movement in South Africa.

At each of the three sites, the project aimed towards developing a sustainable techno-social intervention model for enabling marginalised women's collectives to enhance their active engagement with governance structures and the collective articulation and negotiation of their interests; and building peer-to-peer networks for increasing their political participation. Read more...

4. Inclusion in the Network Society (2014)

IT for Change and International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada, jointly organised a Round Table in Bengaluru titled inclusion in the network society – mapping development alternatives, forging research agendas'. It was designed to facilitate field building that deepened theoretical inquiry on 'inclusion and equity in the network society' and to build networks for further work to build a systematic body of knowledge. The Round Table brought together research scholars, development practitioners and thinkers, interested in the theoretical and policy aspects of equity, inclusion and participation in the 'ICTs and development' domain, for three days of intense debate and dialogue. Read more...