A major problem is that most people still see data just as ordinary knowledge or information which therefore is best to be subject to 'open access' regimes. This is also the moral basis for the free global flows of data advocacy -- which argument many if not most civil society activists worldwide often fall prey to.
The research paper attempts, in this way, to develop a theoretical basis for asserting community ownership over much of data -- or the concept of community data. This against the dominant understanding currently of data as an open global resource for anyone to take freely, with no community governance regimes around it. In this regard the paper, somewhat summarily, employs Elinor Ostrom's IAD model.