This publication is the first in a series of reports covering the state of the information society on an annual basis, and focuses on the theme of participation. The report has three interrelated goals: surveying the state of the field of ICT policy at the local and global levels; encouraging critical debate; and strengthening networking and advocacy for a just, inclusive information society. It discusses the WSIS process and a range of international institutions, regulatory agencies and monitoring instruments from the perspective of civil society and stakeholders in the global South. Alongside this discussion, it present a series of country reports which examine issues of access and participation within a variety of national contexts. It also surveys the national deployment of ICT infrastructure and implications for development, giving a detailed analysis of the steps which need to be taken to improve ICT connectivity in rural areas. The full report is available here.